Heredity (NAD)


Category: Health & Science
Skill Level:  3
Original Honor:  2006
Adventsource Honors Handbook PDF 
Adventsource Catalog: #005UNK Patch Order (must have approved order login) (link from adventsource) Article/Answer Key 
Originating Institution:  North American Division



1. What is meant by the term “heredity”?

2. Draw a picture of an animal cell and label the following parts:  Cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, nuclear membrane, ribosomes.

3. a. What is a chromosome and where are they located?

b. What is a gene and where is it found?

4. a. What is meant by the term “allele”?

b. How does a dominant allele differ from a recessive allele?

c. Determine which allele you have of the following genetic traits: Widow’s peak, free earlobe, dimples, curved Thumb, bent pinky, digit hair, rolling tongue, second toe longer.

d. Using a punnet square, predict the ratio of offspring produced from these monohybrid crosses: TT (tall) crossed with tt (short), Tt (tall) crossed with Tt (tall), Tt (tall) crossed with tt (short)

5. a. What does the process of mitosis accomplish?

b. Draw a sequence of cells that shows the process of mitosis including: prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase.

c. Briefly explain how the DNA in the chromosomes is copied during this process.

6. a. What does the process of meiosis accomplish and how does it differ from mitosis?

b. Draw a sequence of cells that shows the process of meiosis including: prophase I & II, metaphase I & II, anaphase I & II and telophase I & II.

c. Do the cells resulting from meiosis remain haploid? Explain.

7. Describe how DNA encodes the specific proteins that result in genetic traits. Demonstrate you knowledge of this process by using diagrams or paper models.

8. What is a mutation? Using the diagrams or models created in question 7 to illustrate the effect of a mutation on the genetic trait.

9. Know at least five genetic disorders and tell a story about a famous person or someone that you know who has had one of these disorders.

10. Is Biological Heredity the only factor contributing to your character, i.e., what makes you who you are?

11. Find 3 statements from Ellen White's writings that relate to the previous question.